Composed by Cliff

University Notes of Varying Calibre
This page contains links to digital files that Cliff Lui and other learned friends have created for Hong Kong university subjects including business, substantive law (LLB) notes, and procedural law (PCLL) notes. More recently, our authors have also contributed notes for the notorious conversion examinations.

Only notes with which our authors have passed the relevant exams are published here.

Following are some guidelines to note before you download any of the documents to avoid your papers being marked as plagiarized and / or copyright infringements.

  1. Always put down the author(s)’ name(s) and year of the relevant document’s publication as a footnote or directly following the concept you have used. E.g.: Law can have nothing to do with morality, but since law is usually a manifestation of social norms, i.e. “law generally shapes what society deems as acceptable,” it can be said that some aspects of morality have tight pairings with the law in most countries (Lui H.S. 2005 Law and Morality). This, of course, does not apply to template papers such as skeletons, statements of claim, etc.
  2. Do not blatantly copy and paste sections. Always synthesize the material before using it. We do that, you should do it too.
  3. Password requests should be emailed to the webmaster.
  4. I realise that any mistakes in the documents are the author’s cause but I or whoever co-authored the document shall not be liable for any pecuniary damage / loss resulting from their use.
  5. Now, go download.

By downloading the documents, you agree to have had read and have knowledge of the above declaration(s).
Yes, I understand; show me the notes!

Please ask any law-related questions in our forum.

» Link to VF legal forums
» Link to academic articles in the Scoop
» Link to old Companies Ordinance (Cap 32) PDF file
» Director’s Duty to Confess (Lusina Ho with some by Cliff)
» Article on Conversion Exams

PCLL Notes

The following kenotes are kindly provided by my very learned friend, Ken, and are, if specified, for minor topics under a main subject. Ken is very learned. Kenotes may well be more comprehensive than Cliffnotes.

Conversion Notes (VF, TL and TM-Notes)

Past Contributors
Cliff, Ken, Tracy, Fontaine, Terence

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Leave a comment


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  1. Al says:

    Can anyone sell me the updated notes for conversion exams?

  2. Hebe says:

    (Urgent, pls reply) Commercial Law questions – could you suggest any journals that I could read for these questions:

    “The draftsman of the Sale of Goods Act 1893 made too many questions depend on whether property has passed between the seller and the buyer, and this was left unchanged in the Sale of Goods Act 1979. The result is that none of the issues that depend on the passing of property is dealt with in a satisfactory
    way.” Discuss. What changes to the Act, if any, would you recommend?

    “The doctrine of apparent authority is central to English commercial law, particularly when property is sold or otherwise disposed of by a party with no
    right to do so.” Discuss, giving examples. Does the current law solve the problems of unauthorised dispositions adequately?


  3. vivian says:

    Hello, does anyone have revision notes for conversion exam of Evidence? please contact me at

  4. CCT1 says:

    Can anyone give me a CCT 1 tutorial? Thanks.

  5. pc says:

    Can I have HKU PCLL CCT notes , in particular, corporate practice?

  6. Kelly says:

    I would like to know if anyone has any updated revision notes for Business Association.
    Please contact me by this email:

  7. Cliff says:

    We do the best we can, but we can only do so much! The graduates are not contributing as much as we have hoped.

  8. sam says:

    I am finding hku pcll cct notes, including sg notes. I am willing to pay at high cost.

  9. Ritz says:

    I would like to know if anyone has the conversion exam notes for Business Association, or if Cliff would upload any notes for this subject soon?

    Please contact me by

    Million thanks !!!!!

  10. Abby says:


    Just a query – are these the full for the entire syllabus for each subject? Or do we need more materials to study to be able to pass?

  11. Pun says:

    Hello all,

    I’m looking for revision notes (either HKUspace or ‘PCLL Conversion Notes’) on civil procedure. Please contact me at so that can can negotiate on the price.

    Thanks and regards,

  12. iccover says:

    Hi Guys,

    I have an urgent need of getting the HKU space notes for Business Associations with new company ordinances.

    I can pay for $800 hkd for the whole set of notes

    Pls email me at if you have it.

  13. Claire says:

    Hi Cliff,

    I am planning on taking HK constitutional law, HK legal systems and HK land law in early January. There are a few sets of notes but if you have any updated notes, could you please share them. It would be much appreciated. thanks

  14. sityikai says:

    Hi all

    I Have a very urgent request.
    could I ask if any one have the HKU space notes for:
    Civil Procedure
    Criminal Procedure
    Commercial Law
    Business Associations
    Hong Kong Constitutional Law
    Hong Kong Legal System
    Hong Kong Land Law

    I am willing to pay in acquiring these notes!!

    Please email me at

  15. kelly says:

    which exam subject shd I take for the first time ?

  16. John says:

    Dear all,
    not sure if it is proper to seek advice on choosing PCLL electives. anyway can anybody comment on the electives in terms of difficulty, practicality, etc.
    A million thanks.


  17. Marco says:

    Hello all,

    I’m looking for revision notes (either HKUspace or ‘PCLL Conversion Notes’) on:
    -Civil procedure
    -Criminal procedure

    Notes should be up to date (i.e. include recent changes in legislation.)
    Please contact me at – willing to pay!
    Thank you~

  18. Cliff says:

    @Frank – we have recently begun to upload these. Please check for yourself!

  19. Jayden says:

    Hi there,

    Just wondering anyone got Commercial Law Part B HKU SPACE notes? Thanks a lot!!!

  20. Frank says:

    Hello, does anyone have revision notes for conversion exam of Constitutional Law? please contact me at

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